Leadership theories, leadership books and leadership experts are prolific and available to the curious. I googled “leadership books” and there were literally “about 354,000,000” hits. That’s 354 million. So there is plenty of opportunity to learn available.
So why are some institutions and cultures more successful at maintaining a consistent flow of leaders than others? We see it every day. Some companies never seem to get it together. Some companies are totally dysfunctional, and finally, many fail. And I submit in many cases it is because of poor leadership.
So let’s take a brief macro view of how the Marines do it….
- Culture. Establish and maintain a culture of performance and success. Continuously talk about that culture. Walk the talk. Add a dash of hubris. And all those magazine and television recruiting ads reinforce the visual image of that culture.
- Indoctrination. Boot Camp in the Marine Corps lasts 13 weeks. Recruits are trained, physically, academically and socially to become Marines. In fact, they are not even called Marines until the end of their training. As they say, the title Marine is earned, not given. (p.s. that reinforces the culture even more). I recently heard a Navy Admiral remark, “In the Marine Corps, leadership begins the first day”.
- Specialty Training. The next phase of development is training in the job skills where that Marine will be gainfully employed. A Marine is engaged for weeks or months in specialty schools before qualifying to join the fleet.
- Continuous Training. Marines train every day. Then throughout their careers they will attend additional schools, leadership academies, and even year-long schools to increase their knowledge and leadership skills.
- Empowerment. Military organizations are well known for their hierarchical structures and the “chain of command”. It is always clear who is in charge. If something ever happens to the leader, the next in line is trained and ready to step up and lead.
Corporate Leaders can model many of the same, successful behavior to develop better leaders.
- Culture. What is your culture? It is a control culture with high degrees of hierarchy, control from the top and filled with systems and processes? Is it a creative culture where the atmosphere is flexible and adaptable to change? Or is it a collaborative and more focused on teams within the organization. The CEO is responsible for creating and maintaining the culture within the organization.
- On Boarding and Training. Clearly a difference in military organizations compared to companies large and small is the amount of training. On boarding in many companies is a half day. Or worse yet, “Welcome aboard. Here’s your desk, we’ll get your computer hooked up tomorrow. I hope you enjoy it here.”
- Continuous Training and Development. The ways to implement continuous training are only limited by the imagination. Train employees to continuously improve their job skills, while also learning leadership skills. The leaders of tomorrow are developed over time through many types of skills training.
- Empowerment. Delegation, trust, authority and responsibility all come in to play in empowering individual employees to lead effectively and become better leaders. Leaders are both born AND made so companies that invest time and attention to the development of individuals as leaders will reap dividends in performance from those leaders. Give all employees opportunities to lead.
How will your culture be inspired by the Marines and their history of impact and results?